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GLIN==> December LEPF Final Reports Available

December 21, 2000

Jamie Kochensparger
Public Information Specialist
Ohio Lake Erie Commission
One Maritime Plaza, 4th Floor
Toledo, OH  43604-1866
fax:  419/245-2519

December Final Reports Available for Ohio Lake Erie Protection Fund Grant

The Ohio Lake Commission announces December Final Reports for Lake Erie
Protection Fund grant projects are now available upon request. The five
projects listed below are available for viewing at the library of the Ohio
Lake Erie Commission Office and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency's
Resource Center. To receive a copy of a specific report, please contact the
Commission at oleo@www.epa.state.oh.us or call 419/245-2514.

The Lake Erie Protection Fund (LEPF) was established in 1992 to help finance
research and implementation projects that work toward the protection,
preservation, and quality of Lake Erie. During the last eight years, the
Commission has awarded over $5.2 million in LEPF monies for almost 150
worthwhile projects. This revenue is generated from monies received through
the Lake Erie License Plate Program and Ohio's participation in the Great
Lake Protection Fund.

The Ohio Lake Erie Commission is comprised of the directors of the Ohio
Environmental Protection Agency and the Departments of: Natural Resources,
Transportation, Development, Health, and Agriculture. The Commission was
established for the purpose of preserving Lake Erie's natural resources,
protecting the quality of its waters and ecosystem, and promoting economic
development of the region.

For more information on Ohio Lake Erie Commission programs, visit our
website at www.epa.state.oh.us/oleo.

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December 2000

LEPF 99-05
1.  North Pond Kiosk Project, Gary Obermiller.

2.	SG 61-97
Aquatic Insects of Old Woman Creek Estuary, Marty L. Harvill.

      SG  81-98
3.	 Macrobenthic Invertebrate Fauna From the Nearshore Waters of Central
Lake Erie, Edwin Skoch, Ph.D.

SG 85 - 98
4.	Ashtabula River PAH Sampling, John Mahan, Ph.D

5.	SG 124-99
Surveillance of Waterfowl Feces for Presence of Microbes Pathogenis to
Michael Bisesi, Ph.D.


     LEPF 99-05
1.	North Pond Kiosk Project, Gary Obermiller, Project Director and Preserve
Manager; Ohio Depart. Of Natural Resources - Division of Natural Areas and

The North Pond Nature Preserve was dedicated in October 1999 as Ohio's
119th. state nature preserve. The preserve is jointly managed by the
Division of Parks & Recreation and the Division of Natural Areas and
Preserves (DNAP). DNAP constructed a trail system throughout the preserve
and marsh area, a boardwalk was developed to provide access to the wetland
areas. Visitation has increased along the trail and it was determined that a
display would assist visitors in learning about the significance of the area
and why the wetland is protected. The Lake Erie Protection Fund grant was
used to fund the construction of a 7-panel kiosk in the summer of 2000. This
display was built at the junction of the boardwalk educating visitors about
the North Pond, sand dune and beach ecology, neotropical birds, waterfowl,
reptiles, insects and the division's mission. The kiosk artwork is included
in the report.

 SG 61-97
2.	Aquatic Insects of Old Woman Creek Estuary, Marty L. Harvill, Project
      Bowling Green State University.

The aquatic insect community functions in many important roles as energy and
matter  pass through a freshwater ecosystem. Aquatic insects are represented
in all feeding types such as herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores and play
an important role as the first large protein source for young fishes.The
primary purpose of this study was to survey the aquatic insects of Old Woman
Creek with the hopes of creating a more detailed list of the aquatic insects
of the estuary. Ten sampling locations were established throughout the
estuary. Qualitative samples were collected once in May, twice in June,
twice in August, and once in September. A total of 3710 organisms
constituting 120 taxa were collected. Although not all the aquatic insets
collected during this study have been completed identified, the study
significant improved the knowledge about the diversity of the estuary. The
study has added a new state record with Gerris buenoi Kirkaldy and 78 new
taxa to the Old Woman Creek estuary species list.

SG 81-98
3.	 Macrobenthic Invertebrate Fauna From the Nearshore Waters of Central
Lake Erie, Dr. Edwin J. Skoch, Project Director; John Carroll University;
Dr. Paul J. Pira, John Carroll University; Dr. Kenneth A. Krieger, Water
Quality Laboratory-Heidelberg College; and Michael T. Bur, U.S. Geological
Survey, NASA/Plumbrook Station.

Over the past century the Great Lakes have undergone changes in water
quality, chemistry, flora, and fauna. The eutrophication rate of Lake Erie
was greatly accelerated between the years of 1900 and 1961 through human
activities. These impacts resulted in a change of the benthic community.
More specifically, there were increased numbers of oligochaetes,
chironomids, Sphaeriida, and Gastropoda, while subsequently there was a
substantial decrease of pollution-sensitive species. Most notably, declines
of the burrowing mayfly Hexagenia were correlated with annual oxygen
depletion, increased turbidity, and increased sedimentation. The results of
the sampling and testing of this Lake Erie Protection Fund grant revealed
the following conclusions: (1) differences in communities appeared to be
more habitat than location oriented; (2) both Sphaeriidae and Dressena ssp.
populations appear to have changed between 1987 and 1995; (3) distribution
and changes of 1987 and 1995 Sphaeriida and Dressiena ssp. populations
appear to be substrate oriented; (4) collection location data does not give
exact locations or substrate type; (5) all substrate is qualitatively based
upon washed samples and laboratory observation; and (6) the continued
analysis of 1995 samples to species level (when possible) may further
clarify the distributions and trends of central basin macroinvertebrate

SG 85 - 98
4.	Ashtabula River PAH Sampling, John Mahan, Ph.D., Ashtabula River

The Ashtabula River is one of four Great Lakes Areas of Concern in Ohio.
Sediment contamination in the Ashtabula River has been well characterized.
However, the sampling strategy was based primarily on PCBs. The lowest reach
of the River, which is low in PCBs, contains significant quantities of
polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and required additional characterization.
The goal of this project was to pass the biological toxicity testing
criteria that would allow for open-lake disposal. An important facet of the
sampling was to conduct extensive chemical analysis and biological toxicity
testing on the same samples, in an attempt to establish a correlation
between contaminants and toxicity.

SG 124-99
5.	Surveillance of Waterfowl Feces for Presence of Microbes Pathogenic to
Humans, Dr. Michael Bisesi, Project Director; Medical College of Ohio.

The Medical College of Ohio (MCO) is an academic health center that engages
in education, research, and service. One of the major goals of the Dept. of
Public Health at MCO is to conduct research that contributes to the
prevention and/or minimization of human illness via assessment and
remediation of potentially adverse environmental and occupational exposures
to chemical, physical, and biological agents. The primary objective for this
pilot study was to conduct sampling and analysis of a potential nonpoint
source of pathogenic microbial soil, shoreline, and water contamination.
This study focused on identifying sites contaminated with fecal droppings of
giant Canada geese and evaluating collected specimens for Cryptosporidum,
Giardia, and Campylobacter, using sensitive monoclonal enzyme immuno assay
(EIA) methods and microscopy.


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